What is Logistics?
  • URL Kopyalandı

Logistics refers to the effective movement, storage, planning, implementation, and control of materials, service activities, and information flows within the supply chain from the starting point of the product to the point where it is consumed in order to meet the needs of customers. The process of transporting the product in two directions, storing it, planning, implementing and controlling it can be listed as logistics features.

Initially used only in a military context, this concept began to have a civilian meaning with the development of increasing trade relations with globalization. The basic aim of the logistics concept is to transport the product from the starting point to the consumption point effectively and at minimum cost in order to meet consumer needs. This concept continues to exist as long as there is a distance, or gap, between the production point and the consumption point. The aim is to have a product available at the desired time and place in line with customer demands.

There are some concepts that are intertwined with the logistics concept. Logistics management is the most important of these concepts. This concept covers the storage of all kinds of products and information flows within the supply chain to meet the customer's needs. In addition, the service from the starting point of the product, such as product, service, information flow, storage, to the implementation and control of the product is included.

What are Logistics Management Activities?

Logistics management activities include:

  • Transportation

  • Storage

  • Handling

  • Inventory Management

  • Order Processing

  • Purchasing

  • Packaging

  • Information Management

  • Customer Services.

What are the Objectives of Logistics?

  • To have the minimum inventory.

  • To operate with minimum cost.

  • To ensure a short order-to-delivery time.

  • To deliver high performance and quality work without damages.

  • To provide environmental awareness in areas such as the use of low carbon emission vehicles, recycling, and sustainability.

  • To track loads and vehicles using high-tech products.

What are the Basic Requirements in Logistics?

  • Continuous movement,

  • Continuous increase in efficiency,

  • Automation power,

  • Distribution centers close to consumption centers,

  • Long-distance large-scale transportation,

  • Scale size,

  • Different products for adverse weather conditions,

  • To ensure control throughout the process by utilizing technological advancements.

What are the Transportation Modes in Logistics?

A product produced in one place is worthless until it is delivered to the consumption point for the customer. The aim of transportation is to transport people or goods to the destination using transportation modes. There are five methods used in international logistics for the transportation of people and goods, which are:

  • Road Transport

  • Rail Transport

  • Sea Transport

  • Air Transport

  • Pipeline Transport.

For more detailed information about logistics, you can contact Alper Logistics customer service team, which provides services with its own fleet.